An AIDS essay on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) should be able to clear the many doubts people have about how it is spread. To start with “acquired” would indicate that one can get infected. “Immune Deficiency” would indicate a weakness in the body’s immune system that helps fight diseases. Lastly, “Syndrome” is a group of illnesses that combine to make up the disease. So how is AIDS caused? A virus called the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) enters the body either through the blood, through unprotected sex with an infected person, infected needles, or being born from an infected mother. This virus then slowly breaks down the immune system. Human bodies have the capacity to produce antibodies that fight HIV. In those cases where the body loses the battle and can’t fight HIV any longer, people get AIDS.
Doctors check if a person has HIV infection by testing blood. The test looks for the antibodies that fight HIV. If they are present, it indicates that the patient has HIV or is HIV-positive. An important point that needs to be highlighted through an AIDS essay is that HIV-infected people would not necessarily be having AIDS. It could take many years before one gets infected. Avert.org has reported that an estimated 83,000 people in UK had HIV by the end of 2008. Astonishingly, about 27% of these cases did not know they were infected. By June 2009, a total of 25,470 cases were diagnosed with AIDS in the UK. A health studies and nursing essay can elaborate on the reasons for so many people getting affected.
The HIV virus multiplies in the body. It might take a few weeks to several months for the immune system to respond. The most dangerous fact is that during this period one might not test positive for HIV but could infect other people. Only when the body fights back and creates antibodies does a patient test HIV-positive. Initially, people experience flu-like symptoms and need not show any effects for ten years or longer. The damage is slow but permanent. A research paper can be written to study the latest trends and how far researchers have reached in finding a cure for HIV. As of today, people with HIV are increasing in number. It has risen from around 8 million in 1990 to 33 million today.
HIV-infected people get AIDS when their immune system malfunctions and fails. In medical terms, if patients are found to have less than 200 CD4 cells, they have AIDS. Nearly two million people across the world die of AIDs every year. HIV can be prevented by educating people about it and how it is spread. Government-sponsored campaigns are on throughout the world. Educating the masses has gained momentum through media campaigns, in schools, and through word of mouth. Unsafe sex should be avoided by using condoms. Effective sex education through AIDS essays or other means has to be provided to children in school. Drug users who inject themselves with shared injecting equipment run a high risk of getting HIV. Needle exchange programs can help provide clean needles and show people how to dispose used ones. An essay writing exercise can truly highlight the precautions that must be taken.